Expert Working Group for the RNQP Project – ‘Vegetable species’ sector
In the context of Regulation 2016/2031 of 26 October 2016 on protective measures against pests of plants, and its list of pests to be published in an implementing act in the following 3 years, EPPO has contracted a 2-year project with the EU Commission on Regulated Non-Quarantine Pests (RNQPs).
RNQPs are defined in two International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM 16: Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application and ISPM 21: Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests). More specifically article 36 of EU Regulation 2016/2031 defines RNQPs as pests with a clear taxonomic identity, present in the European Union territory, transmitted mainly through specific plants for planting, whose presence has an unacceptable economic impact as regards the intended use, and where feasible and effective measures are available. Article 37 of EU Regulation 2016/2031 regulates RNQPs for professional operators.
The pests/entries that may fulfill that definition, and for which the specification requires the assessment of the relevance of the RNQP status, are those currently listed within the EU Marketing Directives on reproductive material, plus some proposed by the Annex Working Group (section 2) of the EU Commission and mainly coming from Annex IIA2 of EU Council Directive 2000/29/EC.
Objective of the project
The objective of this project is to propose a list of RNQPs for the EU. In addition, this list may serve as a basis for other EPPO member countries to establish their own regulations. In order to propose such a list of RNQPs, the work has been divided into two phases:
- Phase 1: to define a screening methodology
- Phase 2: to apply the methodology to specific pests
Current achievement: application of the screening methodology for the ‘Vegetable species’ Sector
As the screening methodology was agreed in 2016 (phase 1), EPPO is now applying it to pests attacking specific crops or groups of crops, with the aim of proposing lists of RNQPs for them (phase 2). Six 'Sector Expert Working Groups' (SEWGs) have been consituted to work on the following crops or groups of crops: 1) seed potatoes; 2) forestry; 3) agricultural plants; 4) vegetables; 5) ornamentals, and 6) fruit (including hop and grapevine).
The ‘vegetable’ SEWG met in Paris on 2017-07-04/07. This group is covering the vegetable seed sector as well as the vegetable seedling sector. The assessment of the RNQP status focused on pests listed in the EU Marketing Directives, as well as on pests proposed by the Annex Working Group (section 2) of the EU Commission.
The Marketing Directive for the vegetable seedling sector (article 3 of Commission Directive 93/61/EEC) requires that a specified list of plants for planting has to be substantially free from pests, and in particular from a number of specific pests. The EU Commission confirmed that this ‘substantially free from’ requirement will be maintained in the Marketing Directives. NPPOs and experts recommended reserving the RNQP status for pest-host combinations where a harmonized approach with the establishment of tolerances and official control programs is absolutely necessary. Therefore, for pests listed in Commission Directive 93/61/EEC, the full methodology is only applied to pests for which a request was made when answering the RNQP Questionnaire to maintain this specific pest/host combination listed with a specific threshold.
The SEWG agreed a list of RNQPs, as well as recommendations concerning tolerance levels and risk management measures for these pests. In the replies to the RNQP Questionnaire, many additional vegetable pests were proposed for a RNQP listing: this would require further evaluation in the coming years by the EU Commission or EPPO.
- Council Directive 2002/55/EC of 13 June 2002 on the marketing of vegetable seed
- Council Directive 2008/72/EC of 15 July 2008 on the marketing of vegetable propagating and planting material, other than seed (new codification of Council Directive 92/33/EEC of 28 April 1992)
- Commission Directive 93/61/EEC of 2 July 1993 setting out the schedules indicating the conditions to be met by vegetable propagating and planting material, other than seed pursuant to Council Directive 92/33/EEC