Pests recently added to the EPPO A1/A2 Lists or of urgent phytosanitary concern 

- Last updated in 2018-09 -

 

 

In order to help its member countries, the EPPO Secretariat has listed below the pests which have recently been added to the EPPO A1/A2 Lists (during the last 5 years, i.e. since 2013) or which are currently presenting a particular risk for the EPPO region. The aim is also to encourage countries or areas at risk to consider taking phytosanitary measures. Recommended phytosanitary measures can be found in PRA reports.

In the tables below, click on the links to access pest-specific information stored in EPPO Global Database (geographical distributions, host plants, pictures, data sheets, PRAs, diagnostic protocols and other EPPO Standards).

 

Bacteria and phytoplasmas Date Main host plants Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Acidovorax citrulli A1 in 2014 Citrullus lanatus (watermelon) and Cucumis melo (melons) Southern part of the EPPO region
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus', L. asiaticus, L. americanus and their vectors (Citrus huanglongbing or greening)
- Diaphorina citri
- Trioza erytreae

A1 in 1984


A1 in 1975
A1 in 1975

Citrus Southern part of the EPPO region (citrus-growing areas)
'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' A1 in 2017 Prunus Mediterranean Basin and Portugal, north to the southern part of Germany (Baden-Württemberg) and East towards the West of Russia, as well as the Near East and Central Asia
Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum (revision of R. solanacearum species complex) A2 in 2017    
Ralstonia solanacearum (revision of R. solanacearum species complex) A2 in 2017    
Ralstonia syzygii (revision of R. solanacearum species complex) A1 in 2017    
Xanthomonas euvesicatoria A2 in 2015 Solanum lycopersicum Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Xanthomonas fuscans subsp. aurantifolii (taxonomic changes among bacteria associated with citrus canker) A1 in 2016 Citrus and other Rutaceae Southern part of the EPPO region (citrus-growing areas)
Xanthomonas gardneri A2 in 2015 Solanum lycopersicum Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Xanthomonas perforans A2 in 2015 Solanum lycopersicum Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Xanthomonas phaseoli pv. dieffenbachiae (taxonomic revision of X. axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae) A2 in 2018 Araceae Whole EPPO region (protected crops)
Xylella fastidiosa A1 in 1981 - A2 in 2017 Citrus, Vitis, Prunus, Olea europaea, Nerium oleander and many forest/amenity trees Whole EPPO region (detected in 2013 in Southern Italy in association with a severe decline of olive trees - and in 2015 in Corsica on ornamentals, mainly Polygala myrtifolia)

 

Fungi Date Main host plants Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Geosmithia morbida and its vector (Pityophthorus juglandis) A2 in 2015 Juglans Whole EPPO region
Heterobasidion irregulare A2 in 2015 Pinus Whole EPPO region
Phytophthora kernoviae A2 in 2013 Woody plants Whole EPPO region
Phytophthora ramorum A2 in 2013 Woody plants Whole EPPO region
Thekopsora minima A2 in 2017 Vaccinium Areas where evergreen Vaccinium are grown

 

Insects Date Main host plants Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Apriona cinerea, A. germari, A. rugicollis A1 in 2013 Woody plants Whole EPPO region
Aromia bungii A1 in 2014 Woody plants (in particular Prunus spp.) Whole EPPO region
Bactrocera latifrons A1 in 2017 Polyphagous Mediterranean Basin, Portugal and South of the Black Sea coast
Ceratothripoides brunneus A1 in 2017 Polyphagous Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Southern part (field crops)
Ceratothripoides claratris A1 in 2017 Polyphagous Southern part (protected and field crops)
Epitrix cucumeris A1 in 2001 - A2 in 2011 Solanum tuberosum (potatoes) and other Solanaceae Whole EPPO region
Epitrix similaris (species of concern later shown to be Epitrix papa) A2 in 2010 - revised in 2016 Solanum tuberosum (potatoes) and other Solanaceae Whole EPPO region
Epitrix subcrinita A1 in 2010 Solanum tuberosum (potatoes) and other Solanaceae Whole EPPO region
Epitrix tuberis A1 in 1987 Solanum tuberosum (potatoes) and other Solanaceae Whole EPPO region
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato and Fusarium euwallaceae A2 in 2016 Woody plants Southern part of the EPPO region
Leucinodes africensis A1 in 2015 Solanum melongena Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Leucinodes orbonalis A1 in 2012 Solanum melongena Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Leucinodes pseudorbonalis A1 in 2015 Solanum melongena Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Leucinodes rimavallis A1 in 2015 Solanum melongena Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Lycorma delicatula A1 in 2016 Polyphagous (woody plants) Whole EPPO region
Massicus raddei A1 in 2018 Quercus, Castanea Whole EPPO region
Neoleucinodes elegantalis A1 in 2014 Tomato and other solanaceous fruit crops Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Oemona hirta A1 in 2013 Polyphagous Whole EPPO region
Platynota stultana A2 in 2017 Polyphagous Southern part of the EPPO region
Polygraphus proximus A2 in 2014 Abies Whole EPPO region
Popillia japonica A1 in 1975 - A2 in 1999 Polyphagous Whole EPPO region - First recorded in the EPPO region in 2014 (found near Milano, IT)
Prodiplosis longifila A1 in 2017 Polyphagous Mediterranean region, Portugal and the southern Black Sea coast
Thaumatotibia leucotreta A2 in 2013 Fruit and vegetable crops, cotton Southern part of the EPPO region

 

Viruses Date Main host plants Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Andean potato mild mosaic virus A1 in 2015 Solanum tuberosum Whole EPPO region
Citrus bark cracking viroid A2 in 2017 Citrus, Humulus lupulus Whole EPPO region
Rose rosette emaravirus and its mite vector Phyllocoptes fructiphilus A1 in 2018 Rosa Whole EPPO region

 

Nematodes Date Main host plants Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Meloidogyne mali A2 in 2017 Polyphagous Whole EPPO region

 

Gastropoda Date Main host plants Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Pomacea canaliculata A1 in 2018 Rice (Oryza sativa) and natural wetlands Whole EPPO region
Pomacea maculata A2 in 2018 Rice (Oryza sativa) and natural wetlands Whole EPPO region

 

Invasive plants Date Habitats Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Alternanthera philoxeroides A2 in 2015 Riparian systems, semi aquatic systems, agricultural land, especially floodplains Warmer climatic regions, especially countries within the Mediterranean area
Ambrosia confertiflora A2 in 2018    
Andropogon virginicus A2 in 2018    
Baccharis halimifolia A2 in 2013 Coastal habitats including salt marshes, coastal swamps, coastal forests, tidal rivers, sandy places Atlantic coast, Mediterranean Basin, Black Sea

Cardiospermum grandiflorum

A2 in 2017    
Cortaderia jubata A1 in 2018    
Ehrharta calycina A2 in 2018    
Gymnocoronis spilanthoides A2 in 2017    
Hakea sericea A2 in 2018    
Humulus scandens A2 in 2018    
Lespedeza cuneata A1 in 2018    
Lygodium japonicum A1 in 2018    
Microstegium vimineum A2 in 2015 Riparian habitats, lawns, woodland thickets, damp fields, managed forests, forest plantations and roadside ditches Whole EPPO region
Myriophyllum heterophyllum A2 in 2015 Riparian systems, slow moving rivers, canals, irrigation canals, lakes, reservoirs and semi-aquatic systems, including wetlands. Temperate climate regions within the EPPO region
Parthenium hysterophorus A2 in 2014 Arable land, orchards, pastures, banks of continental water, riverbanks, road and rail networks, wastelands Whole EPPO region
Pistia stratiotes A2 in 2017    
Prosopis juliflora A2 in 2018    
Salvinia molesta A2 in 2017    
Triadica sebifera A1 in 2018