Expert Working Group for the RNQP Project – ‘Agricultural species’ Sector
In the context of Regulation 2016/2031 of 26 October 2016 on protective measures against pests of plants, and its list of pests to be published in an implementing act in the following 3 years, EPPO has contracted a 2-year project with the EU Commission on Regulated Non-Quarantine Pests (RNQPs).
RNQPs are defined in two International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM 16: Regulated non-quarantine pests: concept and application and ISPM 21: Pest risk analysis for regulated non-quarantine pests). More specifically article 36 of EU Regulation 2016/2031 defines RNQPs as pests with a clear taxonomic identity, present in the European Union territory, transmitted mainly through specific plants for planting, whose presence has an unacceptable economic impact as regards the intended use, and where feasible and effective measures are available. Article 37 of EU Regulation 2016/2031 regulates RNQPs for professional operators.
The pests/entries that may fulfill that definition, and for which the specification requires the assessment of the relevance of the RNQP status, are those currently listed within the EU Marketing Directives (MDs) on reproductive material, plus some proposed by the Annex Working Group (section 2) of the EU Commission and mainly coming from Annex IIA2 of EU Council Directive 2000/29/EC.
Objective of the project
The objective of this project is to propose a list of RNQPs for the EU. In addition, this list may serve as a basis for other EPPO member countries to establish their own regulations. In order to propose such a list of RNQPs, the work has been divided into two phases:
- Phase 1: to define a screening methodology
- Phase 2: to apply the methodology to specific pests
Current achievement: application of the screening methodology for the ‘Agricultural species’ Sector
As the screening methodology was agreed in 2016 (phase 1), EPPO is now applying it to pests attacking specific crops or groups of crops, with the aim of proposing lists of RNQPs for them (phase 2). Six 'Sector Expert Working Groups' (SEWGs) have been consituted to work on the following crops or groups of crops: 1) seed potatoes; 2) forestry; 3) fruit (including hop and grapevine); 4) agricultural; 5) vegetables and 6) ornamentals.
The ‘agricultural’ SEWG is covering the cereal sector, the fodder plant seed sector, the beet seed sector, the oil and fibre sector and the tobacco sector. The SEWG met in Paris from 2017-05-30 to 2017-06-01. As no pest is specifically listed in the EU Marketing Directives (MDs) for the fodder plant seed sector and for the beet seed sector, and as tobacco is not covered by any MD, the assessment focused on pests listed in the MDs for the cereal sector, and for the oil and fibre sector, as well as on pests proposed by the Annex Working Group (section 2) of the EU Commission.
The SEWG agreed a list of RNQPs, as well as recommendations concerning tolerance levels and risk management measures for these pests. In the replies to the RNQP Questionnaire, many additional pests (including parasitic plants) were proposed for a RNQP listing for these sectors: this would require further evaluation in the coming years by the EU Commission or EPPO.
- Council Directive 66/401/EEC of 14 June 1966 on the marketing of fodder plant seed
- Council Directive 2002/54/EC of 13 June 2002 on the marketing of beet seed
- Council Directive 66/402/EEC of 14 June 1966 on the marketing of cereal seed
- Council Directive 2002/57 of 14 June 1966 on the marketing of oil and fibre plant seed