Panel on Efficacy Evaluation of Fungicides and Insecticides
EPPO Headquarters, Paris, 2014-11-25/27
The Panel on Efficacy Evaluation of Fungicides and Insecticides (download the list of participants ) met at the EPPO Headquarters on 2014-11-25/27. The Panel continued its main work on the preparation of Standards for conducting field trials to evaluate the efficacy of fungicides and insecticides. Several new and revised Standards were discussed.
With the amendments agreed at the meeting, the following new and revised Standards were considered ready to be sent for country consultation:
- Fusarium ear rot of maize (new);
- Phthorimaea operculella, potato tuber moth (new);
- Anarsia lineatella, peach twig borer (new);
- Grapholita molesta, oriental fruit moth (new);
- PP 1/272 Foliar diseases on maize (revision).
- PP 1/16 Botryotinia fuckeliana on strawberries (revision).
Two initial drafts for new Standards on poppy pests were studied and it was considered that further expert input will be needed before they are ready for country consultation:
- Stenocarus fuliginosus poppy root weevil;
- Ceutorhynchus maculaalba and Dasineura papaveris.
The revision of the Standards on slugs was also discussed. The proposed revision of Standard PP 1/95 is a merger of PP 1/95 Slugs on vegetables, strawberry and ornamentals and Standard PP 1/96 Slugs in field crops and the new title is Slugs in field and horticultural crops. A new Standard on The design and use of molluscicide field small plot cage (barriered) trials was also discussed. After some further work by the experts, these Standards will be circulated to the Panel and will be sent to EPPO country consultation if no issues are raised by the Panel.
Mating disruption pheromones
The Panel also discussed a revision of PP 1/264 Mating disruption pheromones which provides examples on codling moth and to which an example on grapevine moths was added. The Panel was in favour of keeping the general principles on mating disruption pheromones separated from the examples. At its next meeting, the Panel will consider whether the examples are best placed as Annexes of PP 1/264 or should be developed as individual Standards.
The draft document Clarification of efficacy data requirements for the authorization of a new fungicide for the control of fungal diseases in pome fruit has been prepared as another example of a zonal efficacy evaluation to assist applicants and evaluators to interpret EPPO Standard PP 1/278 Principles of zonal data production and evaluation. The Panel considered that this draft is a rather complex document covering all diseases across the four EPPO zones. It was decided that further simplification is needed before the document could be recommended to the Working Party on Plant Protection Products for approval.
The Panel on Efficacy Evaluation of Fungicides and Insecticides will next meet on 2015-11-17/19 in Zagreb.