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2nd Joint EPPO/IOBC Panel Meeting on Biological Control Agents

Engelberg (CH), 2009-03-25/27

EngelbergThis meeting took place in Engelberg (CH) and members from the EPPO Panel on Safe Use of Biological Control (re-activated in 2008) and IOBC expert group on Biological Control Agents participated. The joint group discussed proposed deletions from the positive lists of the EPPO Standard PM 6/3 and agreed to delete the following species:

  • Cales noacki (Appendices I and II),
  • Macrolophus melanotoma (Appendix I) and to be replaced by Macrolophus pygmaeus which is the correct name for the species which is actually used,
  • Lysiphlebus testaceipes (Appendices I and II).

The group discussed how to present biological control agent (BCA) species deleted from the positive lists on the website and in the EPPO Standard PM 6/3 “Safe use of biological control” and decided to create Appendix III to the standard: “Species removed from the positive lists”. The group discussed the format of this appendix and edited the text for deleted species: Lysiphlebus testaceipes, Harmonia axyridis (deleted at the previous meeting) and Cales noacki. The group decided that the EPPO standard PM 6/3 needed to be revised and that additional information on “possible establishment and spread” and “possible non-target effects” should be included in the positive lists but only for newly added BCA species.
Concerning Neoseiulus californicus, the group decided to maintain it on the positive list, and collect more information from Netherlands and from industry regarding the safe strain and the diapausing strain and discuss the issue again at the next meeting. The group discussed the use of the nematode Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita as vector of bacteria (some of which could present risks of non-target effects) and decided to keep the nematode in the positive list with the footnote: “As long as the nematode is used in combination with bacteria presently considered harmless for non-target organisms”.
The group discussed taxonomic issues of names used in the EPPO Standard PM 6/3 (annexes I and II). Some of previous group proposals have been agreed (with corresponding changes in EPPT), some were rejected to be consistent with EPPT.
The joint group discussed proposed additions to the positive lists of the EPPO Standard PM 6/3 and agreed to add following species:

  • Steinernema kraussei (Appendix I),
  • Amblyseius swirskii (Appendix I)after 1 year: the BCA has been used only for 4 years in EPPO countries,
  • Nasonia vitripennis (Appendix I).

The group strongly recommended that harmonization of application procedures would significantly help to improve consistency and comparability of these procedures. The group therefore recommended to review and expand PM 6/2 Import and release of exotic biological control agents considering the REBECA recommendations regarding harmonization of the requirements for dossiers. The group agreed that it would be important to organize in connection with a joint Panel meeting a one-day workshop to highlight harmonized application procedures (after PM 6/2 was reviewed). Such a workshop will mainly target regulating authorities from EPPO members and could provide an opportunity to investigate capacities of countries to evaluate dossiers for first releases of BCAs.

Courtesy: F. Berteaux (FR) - view more pictures


Bale Jeffrey (Mr)
School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT Birmingham (UK) - +44 (0)121 414 5908 - +44(0)121 414 5925 -

Bertaux François (Mr)
Service Régional de l’Alimentation, DDEA des Alpes Maritimes, Centre administratif, BP 3001 Nice Cedex 3 (FR) - +33 4 93727520 - +33 4 93184690 -

Bigler Franz (Mr)
Eidg.Forschungsanstalt für Agrarökologie und Landbau, Reckenholzstr. 191, CH-8046 ZURICH-RECKENHOLZ (CH) - +41 44 3777235 - +4144 3777201 -

Bishop Samuel (Mr)
Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, YO41 1LZ YORK (UK), +44(0)1904 462738 - +44(0)1904 462250 -

Brokenshire Terry (Mr)
Commerce and Employment Department Raymond Falla House, P.O. Box 459, Longue Rue, GY1 6AF St- MARTIN's (GG) - +44-1481234567 - +44-1481235015 -

Enkegaard Annie (Ms)
University of Aarhus, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Dept of Integrated Pest Management, Forsogsvej 1, DK-4200 SLAGELSE (DK) - +45-89993635 - +45-89993501 -

Governatori Gianluca (Dr.)
Servizio fitosanitario regionale, Via Sabatini, Pozzuoli del Friuli, 533050 Udine (IT), +39-0434529355 - +39-0434520570 -

Herz Annette (Ms)
Institute for Biological Control, Julius Kuehn Institute (JKI), Heinrichstr. 243, 64287 Darmstadt (DE) - +49 6151 407236 - +49 6151 407290 -

Hofsvang Trond (Mr)
Norwegian Institute for Agriculture and Environmental Research (BIOFORSK), Plant Health and Plant Protection Division, Department of Entomology and Nematology, Hogskoleveien 7, 1431 AAS (NO) - +47-48001633 -

Jacas Miret Josep Anton (Mr)
Universitat Jaume I, Dept de Ciencies Agraries i del Medi Natural, Campus del Riu Sec,, Avda Vicent Sos Baynat S/N, E-12071 Castello de la Plana (ES) - +34 964 729401 - +34 96 3424000 -

Klapwijk Johannette (Ms)
Koppert B.V., Veilingweg 17, 2651 BE Berkel en Rodenrijs (NL), +31 10 514 0444 - +31 10 511 2157 -

Loomans Anton (Mr)
Department of Entomology, Plant Protection Service, P.O. Box 9102, 6700 HC Wageningen (NL)
+31 317 496825 - +31 317 421701 -

Navratilova Miloslava (Ms)
State Phytosanitary Administration, Section of Plant Protection Products, Division of Registration Evaluation, Zemedelska 1 A, 613 00 BRNO (CZ) - + 420 545 137 045 - + 420 545 211 078 -

Tomalak Marek (Mr)
Department of Biological Pest Control and Quarantine, Institute of Plant Protection, ul. Wladyslawa Wegorka 20, 60-318 Poznan (PL) - +48 061 8649074 - +48 061 8676301 - ;

Trdan Stanislav (Mr)
University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Dept. of Agronomy, Chair of Entomology and Phytopathology, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1111 Ljubljana (SI) - +386 1 423 11 61 - +386 1 423 10 88 -

van Lenteren Joop Coert (Mr)
Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, PO Box 8031, 6700 EH Wageningen (NL) - +31 317 482327 -

van Opstal Nico (Mr)
Orlinski Andrei (Mr)
OEPP-EPPO, 1 rue Le Nôtre, 75016 Paris (FR) - +33 1 45 20 77 94 - +33 1 42 24 89 43 -


Abdurakhmanova Mukhayo (Ms)
Ministry of Agriculture & Water Economy of Uzbekistan, Main State Plant Quarantine Inspection Board, Ul Babura, tupik 1, dom 17, 700100 Tashkent (UZ) - +998-71 255 2374 - +998-71 281 3936 -;

Aebi Alexandre (Mr)
Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon, Research Station ART, Reckenholzstr. 191, 8046 ZURICH-RECKENHOLZ (CH) - +41 44 3777669 - +41 44 3777201 -


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