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Pests recently added

Pests recently added to the EPPO A1/A2 Lists
or of urgent phytosanitary concern

- Last updated in 2017-09 -

 

In order to help its member countries, the EPPO Secretariat has listed below the pests which have recently been added to the EPPO A1/A2 Lists (during the last 5 years, i.e. since 2012) or which are currently presenting a particular risk for the EPPO region. The aim is also to encourage countries or areas at risk to consider taking phytosanitary measures. Recommended phytosanitary measures can be found in PRA reports.

 

Bacteria (link to Global Database) Date PRA Main host plants Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Acidovorax citrulli A1 in 2014 report Citrullus lanatus (watermelon) and Cucumis melo (melons) Southern part of the EPPO region
'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus', L. asiaticus, L. americanus and their vectors (Citrus huanglongbing or greening)
- Diaphorina citri
- Trioza erytreae
A1 in 1984

A1 in 1975
A1 in 1975
- Citrus Southern part of the EPPO region (citrus-growing areas)
'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' (Solanaceous haplotypes) and its vector Bactericera cockerelli A1 in 2012 report Solanum tuberosum and other Solanaceae Southern and Central part of the EPPO region, as well as areas with mild winters in the Northern part
'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' A1 in 2017   Prunus  
Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae A2 in 2012 report Actinidia spp. Southern part of the EPPO region (kiwi-growing areas)
Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum (revision of R. solanacearum species complex) A2 in 2017      
Ralstonia solanacearum (revision of R. solanacearum species complex) A2 in 2017      
Ralstonia syzygii (revision of R. solanacearum species complex) A1 in 2017      
Xanthomonas euvesicatoria A2 in 2015 - Solanum lycopersicum Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Xanthomonas fuscans subsp. aurantifolii (taxonomic changes among bacteria associated with citrus canker) A1 in 2016 - Citrus and other Rutaceae Southern part of the EPPO region (citrus-growing areas)
Xanthomonas gardneri A2 in 2015 - Solanum lycopersicum Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Xanthomonas perforans A2 in 2015 - Solanum lycopersicum Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Xylella fastidiosa A1 in 1981 - A2 in 2017 - Citrus, Vitis, Prunus, Olea europaea, Nerium oleander and many forest/amenity trees Whole EPPO region (detected in 2013 in Southern Italy in association with a severe decline of olive trees - and in 2015 in Corsica on ornamentals, mainly Polygala myrtifolia)

 

Fungi (link to Global Database) Date PRA Main host plants Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Geosmithia morbida and its vector (Pityophthorus juglandis) A2 in 2015 report Juglans Whole EPPO region
Heterobasidion irregulare A2 in 2015 report Pinus Whole EPPO region
Phytophthora kernoviae A2 in 2013 report Woody plants Whole EPPO region
Phytophthora ramorum A2 in 2013 report Woody plants Whole EPPO region
Thekopsora minima A2 in 2017   Vaccinium  

 

Insects (link to Global Database) Date PRA Main host plants Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Apriona cinerea, A. germari, A. rugicollis A1 in 2013 report Woody plants Whole EPPO region
Aromia bungii A1 in 2014 report Woody plants (in particular Prunus spp.) Whole EPPO region
Bactrocera latifrons A1 in 2017   Polyphagous  
Ceratothripoides brunneus A1 in 2017   Polyphagous  
Ceratothripoides claratris A1 in 2017   Polyphagous  
Epitrix cucumeris A1 in 2001 - A2 in 2011 report Solanum tuberosum (potatoes) and other Solanaceae Whole EPPO region
Epitrix similaris (species of concern later shown to be Epitrix papa) A2 in 2010 - revised in 2016 report Solanum tuberosum (potatoes) and other Solanaceae Whole EPPO region
Epitrix subcrinita A1 in 2010 report Solanum tuberosum (potatoes) and other Solanaceae Whole EPPO region
Epitrix tuberis A1 in 1987 report Solanum tuberosum (potatoes) and other Solanaceae Whole EPPO region
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato and Fusarium euwallaceae A2 in 2016 - Woody plants -
Keiferia lycopersicella A1 in 2012 report Solanum lycopersicum Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Leucinodes africensis A1 in 2015 - Solanum melongena Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Leucinodes orbonalis A1 in 2012 report Solanum melongena Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Leucinodes pseudorbonalis A1 in 2015 - Solanum melongena Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Leucinodes rimavallis A1 in 2015 - Solanum melongena Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Lycorma delicatula A1 in 2016 - Polyphagous (woody plants) -
Neoleucinodes elegantalis A1 in 2014 report Tomato and other solanaceous fruit crops Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)
Oemona hirta A1 in 2013 report Polyphagous Whole EPPO region
Platynota stultana A2 in 2017   Polyphagous  
Polygraphus proximus A2 in 2014 report Abies Whole EPPO region
Popillia japonica A1 in 1975 - A2 in 1999 - Polyphagous Whole EPPO region - First recorded in the EPPO region in 2014 (found near Milano, IT)
Prodiplosis longifila A1 in 2017   Polyphagous  
Thaumatotibia leucotreta A2 in 2013 report Fruit and vegetable crops, cotton Southern part of the EPPO region

 

Viruses (link to Global Database) Date PRA Main host plants Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Andean potato mild mosaic virus A1 in 2015
-
Solanum tuberosum Whole EPPO region
Citrus bark cracking viroid A2 in 2017   Citrus, Humulus lupulus  
Pepino mosaic virus A2 in 2012 report Solanum lycopersicum Whole EPPO region (protected crops) and Mediterranean Basin (field crops)

 

Nematodes (link to Global Database) Date PRA Main host plants Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Meloidogyne mali A2 in 2017   Polyphagous  

 

Invasive plants (link to GD) Date PRA Habitats Parts of the EPPO region at risk
Alternanthera philoxeroides A2 in 2015 report Riparian systems, semi aquatic systems, agricultural land, especially floodplains Warmer climatic regions, especially countries within the Mediterranean area
Baccharis halimifolia A2 in 2013 report Coastal habitats including salt marshes, coastal swamps, coastal forests, tidal rivers, sandy places Atlantic coast, Mediterranean Basin, Black Sea

Cardiospermum grandiflorum

A2 in 2017      
Gymnocoronis spilanthoides A2 in 2017      
Microstegium vimineum A2 in 2015 report Riparian habitats, lawns, woodland thickets, damp fields, managed forests, forest plantations and roadside ditches Whole EPPO region
Myriophyllum heterophyllum A2 in 2015 report Riparian systems, slow moving rivers, canals, irrigation canals, lakes, reservoirs and semi-aquatic systems, including wetlands. Temperate climate regions within the EPPO region
Parthenium hysterophorus A2 in 2014 report Arable land, orchards, pastures, banks of continental water, riverbanks, road and rail networks, wastelands Whole EPPO region
Pistia stratiotes A2 in 2017      
Salvinia molesta A2 in 2017      

 

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