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Plant quarantine

EPPO activities on plant quarantine


One of the aims of EPPO is to help its member countries to prevent entry or spread of dangerous pests (plant quarantine). The Organization has therefore been given the task of identifying pests which may present a risk, and of making proposals on the phytosanitary measures which can be taken. In recent years, the identification of risk has been formalized, because transparent justifications of phytosanitary measures are required and phytosanitary measures have to be commensurate with the risk. Several EPPO Standards on Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) are now available. To perform these activities, much information on pests presenting a risk to the EPPO region is required and has been collected by the Organization. Most of it (data sheets, maps, diagnostic protocols and pictures) can be retrieved here.


Special Alert

First report of Xylella fastidiosa in the EPPO region

In mid-October 2013, the presence of Xylella fastidiosa was detected in olive trees in Southern Italy, in association with other fungal pathogens. In 2015, a different subspecies of the bacterium was detected in Corsica (FR) on ornamentals (mainly Polygala myrtifolia). Phytosanitary action is being taken to stop the spread of X. fastidiosa in all countries concerned.


EPPO Pest Lists with pest-specific information

You can read here an introduction to the EPPO Pest Lists

EPPO A1 and A2 Lists of pests recommended for regulation as quarantine pests as approved by EPPO Council in September 2017 (A1/A2 Lists pdf version )
  -  A1 List
  -  A2 List

A list of pests recently added to the EPPO A1/A2 Lists or of urgent phytosanitary concern can be viewed here.


EPPO Alert List: pests possibly presenting a risk to EPPO member countries (early warning)

EPPO Lists of invasive alien plants

Other documented pests


PRAPest Risk Analysis

You can find here background information on PRA, EPPO Standards, PRAs carried out for specific pests and useful links.


EPPO activities on diagnostics

Diagnostic is a key issue in plant health and since 1998, EPPO has been working actively in this field to harmonize diagnostic procedures across the EPPO region. View the EPPO activities on diagnostics.


Special projects

DROPSA project: EPPO has been involved in the EU project DROPSA which ran from 2014 to early 2018. In particular, EPPO participated in the preparation of alert lists of pests likely to be introduced in the EU with table grapes, apples, oranges and mandarins, and Vaccinium berries.


Special topics

Anoplophora glabripennis has been found at Corbetta in June 2007, Lombardia (Italy), where it is subject to an eradication programme. You can read a paper on the situation in Italy and the pest itself prepared by F. Hérard, M. Maspero, N. Ramualde, C. Jucker, M. Colombo, M. Ciampitti and B. Cavagna.
Anoplophora chinensis has been introduced into Lombardia (Italy), where it is subject to an eradication programme. Get more information on the situation in Italy and the pest itself.
Identification guides for the host plants of Anoplophora chinensis and A. glabripennis have been prepared in the Netherlands. Read a short description prepared by Mr E. Boer
Aleurocanthus spiniferus has been introduced into Apulia (Italy). You can read here a paper on this first record for Italy and Europe written by Prof. F. Porcelli (University of Bari, IT).
Bactericera tremblayi (onion psyllid) has been found for the first time causing damage to leek (Allium porrum) crops in France. Read a paper written by Dr David Ouvrard (Natural History Museum, London, GB).
Bactrocera zonata has been introduced into the Near East and the EPPO region. Get more information on the situation in Europe and the pest itself.

Diabrotica virgifera has been introduced into Central and Eastern European countries and continues to spread in Europe. Get more information on the situation in Europe and the pest itself.

Glycaspis brimblecombei (redgum lerp psyllid) has been found for the first time in Italy in 2010. Read a paper written by Profs Laudonia and Garonna (University of Napoli, IT).
Macrohomotoma gladiata is a new jumping plant-lice of Asian origin detected in the EPPO region on Ficus microcarpa. Read a brief description written by Dr Mifsud (University of Malta) and Dr Porcelli (University of Bari, IT).
Paysandisia archon has been introduced into Europe. You can read here a paper on its situation in the South of Italy ' Paysandisia archon (Burmeister, 1880) escapes from nurseries and colonizes large palms in South Italy' by F. Porcelli, R. Monfreda, M. S. Ricci, N. Stingi, C. Cavallo, G. Pellizzari.
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus is spreading around the Mediterranean Basin and threatens palm trees. You can view here a presentation by Dr Griffo (NPPO of Italy, Regione Campania) about the situation of the red palm weevil in Italy.
Tetranychus evansi is spreading around the Mediterranean Basin on solanaceous crops. You can read here a short note on its first record in Algeria prepared by Dr Guenaoui (University of Mostaganem, Algeria).
Thaumastocoris peregrinus (eucalyptus bronze bug) has been found for the first time in Italy in 2011. Read a paper written by Prof Stefania Laudonia (University of Napoli, IT) and Dr Raffaele Sasso (ENEA, Roma, IT).
EPPO project on quarantine pests for forestry. View the outcome of this project which focused on the risks from forest pests present in the former USSR (mainly its Asian part).