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Role of EPPO in performing Risk Analysis


In recent years, a formal process of PRA was established within EPPO as a basis for decision on quarantine pest status: the Panel on Phytosanitary Measures reviewed PRAs submitted to it in relation to candidates for the EPPO lists, the Panel on Quarantine Pests Forestry itself performed PRAs on its pests of concern. For many years EPPO had operated mainly on the principle that the Organization provided the tools for PRAs to be carried out by NPPOs. However it appeared that only a small number of NPPOs undertook such PRAs.

The role of EPPO in PRA has been discussed at recent meetings of the Organization both at the political level (Workshop for Heads of NPPOs on the Future of EPPO in 2004), and at the technical level (Working Party on Phytosanitary Regulations, Panel on PRA Panel on Phytosanitary measures scheme in 2003, 2004 and 2005). It was recognized that many countries do not have the resources to perform PRA and consequently member countries wished that EPPO should now play an active role in organizing internationally conducted PRA in the region, in order to share costs and workload and to provide technical justification for the regulation of certain pests. The proposal that special EPPO expert groups should now carry out joint PRA process, as well as reviewing PRAs from other sources was made. It was also considered that the creation of a specialized Expert Group would encourage collaboration between members and increase the quality of the PRAs produced. Finally, the EPPO Council formally approved in September 2005 the creation of special expert groups that will conduct PRA, renamed since the Expert Working Groups for PRA. The Council also decided that the current Panel on PRA development should continue to develop and review existing PRA regional standards.

Expert Working Group on Megaplatypus mutatus
(EPPO, Paris, 2007-01-10/12)
Expert Working Group on Metamasius hemipterus
and Diocalandra frumenti
(Islas Canarias, ES, 2008-12-01/05)

Member countries wished that Pest risk analyses performed through the EPPO system should include risk assessment as well as the identification of suitable risk management options. Each member country will then decide which management options it wants to apply according to its level of protection. PRAs is done for a clearly defined area (EPPO region or a specific area on request) and the endangered part of the area is specified as a result of the PRA.

 

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