Print Email Comment share on Facebook Share on twitter
Print this page
Email link to this page
Send comments about this page
Share on facebook
Share on twitter

        EPPO and Pest Risk Analysis


One of EPPO’s main priorities is to prevent the introduction of dangerous pests (bacteria, fungi, insects, plants, viruses…) from other parts of the world, and to limit their spread within the region should they be introduced. In recent years, trade networks have expanded and diversified, increasing the risks of introducing pests to new geographical areas. Measures adopted by countries to protect their territories from these introductions should be technically justified and an International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) on Pest Risk Analysis (ISPM no. 11) has been developed in the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) framework. Since the 1990s, the following developments have taken place within EPPO:

  • EPPO has developed a decision-support scheme for Pest Risk Analysis and a computer program (CAPRA) to assist pest risk analysts in running the decision-support scheme - read more >>
  • A Panel on PRA development has been created - read more >>
  • Expert Working Groups (EWGs) are now being convened to conduct PRAs on specific pests - read more >>


EPPO Standards and CAPRA 



PRAs conducted by EPPO Expert Working Groups

EWGSince 2006, EPPO organizes meetings of Experts Working Groups which are conducting PRAs on specific pests following the EPPO Decision-support scheme and its computerized version CAPRA (see above). The conclusions resulting from these PRAs are addressed to the EPPO member countries only (the area potentially at risk that is considered during these PRAs is the EPPO region, not the other parts of the world).

  • Finalized PRAs
PRA Documents
Data sheets
Final decision
Insects and mites      
Agrilus anxius PRA (11-16987) - PRA rep (11-16988) Final DS A1 - 2011
Agrilus planipennis PRA (13-18746) Final DS A1 - 2004
Apriona germari, A. japonica, A. cinerea PRA (13-18692) - PRA rep (13-18690) - A1 - 2013
Aulacaspis yasumatsui PRA (08-14021) - PRA rep (08-14022) - Not added
Bactericera cockerelli PRA (12-17835) - PRA rep (12-18190) Final DS A1 - 2012
Bactrocera invadens PRA (10-16103) - PRA rep (10-16120) - A1 - 2010
Diocalandra frumenti PRA (11-16940) - PRA rep (11-16939) Draft DS (10-15862) Not added
Drosophila suzukii PRA (11-17189) - PRA rep (11-17190)   A2 - 2011
Epitrix spp. PRA (11-17790) - PRA rep (11-17791rev) - A1/A2 - 2010
Keiferia lycopersicella PRA (12-17836) - PRA rep (12-17837) Final DS A1 - 2012
Megaplatypus mutatus PRA (07-13322) - PRA rep (07-13558) Final DS A2 - 2007
Metamasius hemipterus PRA (09-15223) - PRA rep (09-15446) Draft DS (09-15171) A1 - 2009
Oemona hirta PRA (13-19036) - PRA rep (13-19034) Draft DS (13-18694) A1 - 2013
Raoiella indica PRA (08-14675) - PRA rep (09-15197) - Not added
Saperda candida PRA (11-16589) - PRA rep (10-16044) - A1 - 2010
Tetranychus evansi PRA (08-14559) - PRA rep (08-14562) Draft DS (07-13924) A2 - 2008
Thaumatotibia leucotreta PRA (13-19032) - PRA rep (13-18742) - A2 - 2013
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus PRA (09-15449) - PRA rep (09-15450) Final DS A1 - transferred to A2 in 2010
Meloidogyne enterolobii PRA (10-16243) - PRA rep (10-16246) - A2 - 2010
Fungi (and fungus-like)      
Phytophthora kernoviae and P. ramorum PRM (13-18716) - PRM rep (13-18715) - A2 in 2013
Phytophthora lateralis PRA (06-12730) - PRA rep (06-12731) Final DS A1 - transferred to A2 in 2011
Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum PRA (12-18189) - PRA rep (12-18190) Final DS A1 - 2012
Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae Express PRA (12-18034) - PRA rep (12-17929) - A2 - 2012
Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii PRA (09-15179) - PRA rep (09-15177) Draft DS (09-14773) A1 - 2009
Iris yellow spot virus
PRA (07-13317) - PRA rep
(09-115198) - Summary PRA (02-9835) - Panel report extracts
Draft DS (02-9836) Not added
Invasive plants      
Baccharis halimifolia PRA (13-18359) - PRA rep (13-18698) Draft DS (13-18423) A2 - 2013
Eichhornia crassipes PRA (08-14407) - PRA rep (08-14408) Final DS A2 - 2008
Ludwigia grandiflora PRA (11-16827) - PRA rep (11-17142) Final DS A2 - 2011
Ludwigia peploides PRA (11-16828) - PRA rep (11-17143) Final DS A2 - 2011
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides PRA (09-15108) - PRA rep (09-15161) Final DS A2 - 2005
Lysichiton americanus PRA (09-15078) - PRA rep (09-15077) Final DS A2 - 2005 but
deleted in 2009


  • PRAs which are under development or planned in the near future
Insects and mites  
Lycorma delicatula EWG planned in 2016
Tomato pests EWG planned in 2015-12
Fungi and fungus-like  
Heterobasidion irregulare EWG met on 2014-12. Draft PRA still under review
Thousand cankers disease
(Geosmithia morbida and Pityophthorus juglandis)

EWG met on 2014-08. Draft PRA still under review

Viruses and viroids  
Pospiviroids EWG planned in 2015-12
Meloidogyne mali EWG planned in 2016
none at the moment -
Invasive plants  
Alternanthera philoxeroides EWG met on 2014-10 Draft PRA still under review
Microstegium vimineum EWG met on 2015-04 Draft PRA still under review
Myriophyllum heterophyllum EWG met on 2015-04 Draft PRA still under review
Soil and growing media EWG planned in 2015-11



Other PRAs conducted in the EPPO framework

You can find here a list of PRAs which have been carried out or studied by different EPPO Panels (e.g. Panel on Phytosanitary Measures, Panel on Quarantine Pests for Forestry, Panel on Invasive Alien Plants). Most of these PRAs have been originally prepared by NPPOs of EPPO member countries or by the EPPO Secretariat. As for the PRAs carried out by specific EWGs (see above), all resulting documents (full or summary PRAs, reports of PRA and PRM, draft datasheets) are only addressed to the NPPOs of EPPO member countries.



Links to national PRAs from EPPO member countries


Useful databases and links for performing PRAs

  • General information

Useful datasets for PRA can be accessed via CAPRA


  • Conferences and Workshops on PRA

CLIMEX course (Angers, 2010-03-15/18)

Atelier de formation de base sur l’Analyse du Risque Phytosanitaire (incluant les plantes exotiques envahissantes) (Hammamet, Tunisie, 2010-02-09/12)

EPPO training workshop on PRA (Limassol, CY, 2008-11-11/14)

CLIMEX courses (Madrid, ES, 2008-10-13/16, and 2008-10-20/23)

Training material on pest risk analysis based on IPPC standards (2007-12, FAO IPP Portal)

EFSA's 10th Scientific Colloquium - Pest risk assessment - Science in support of phytosanitary decision making in the European Community (Parma, IT, 2007-12-06/07)

International Plant Health Risk Analysis Workshop (Niagara Falls, CA, 2005-10-24 / 28)

Workshop on Invasive Alien Species and the IPPC Braunschweig (Germany, 2003-09-22/26)

2nd EPPO Workshop on Pest Risk Analysis (Budapest, HU, 2004-10-05/07)