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New EU Plant Protection Products Legislation

 

The Plant Protection Products Regulation

EU flagRegulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market (English version)

The Regulation was published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 24 November 2009 (OJ L309 - see EUR-Lex for other EU official languages). It came into force on 14 December 2009 and shall apply from 14 June 2011 when Directives 79/117/EEC and 91/414/EEC will be repealed. The Regulation aims amongst other things to ensure a high level of human, animal and environmental protection as well as to provide clearer rules to make the approval process for plant protection products more effective.

 

The Directive on the Sustainable Use of Pesticides

Directive 2009/128/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides (English version)

The Directive was published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 24 November 2009 (OJ L309) and came into force the following day. The Directive will need to be transposed and implemented by Member States by 25 November 2011. Its overall objective is to establish “… a framework to achieve a sustainable use of pesticides by reducing the risks and impacts of pesticide use on human health and the environment and promoting the use of Integrated Pest Management and of alternative approaches or techniques such as non-chemical alternatives to pesticides”.
One of the key features of the Directive is that each Member State should develop and adopt its National Action Plan and set up quantitative objectives, targets, measures and timetables to reduce risks and impacts of pesticide use on human health and the environment and to encourage the development and introduction of integrated pest management and of alternative approaches or techniques in order to reduce dependency on the use of pesticides.  Member States have until 14 December 2012 to communicate their National Action Plans to the European Commission and to other Member States. Other provisions include compulsory testing of application equipment, training and certification of all professional users, distributors and advisors; a ban (subject to derogations) on aerial spraying; special measures to protect the aquatic environment, public spaces and conservation areas; minimizing the risks to human health and the environment through handling, storage and disposal.

Two other pieces of the European legislation on the subject of plant protection products  have been published recently.

Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2009 concerning statistics on pesticides (English version)

The Regulation was published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 10 December 2009. It came into force on 30 December 2009.
The statistics regulation sets out rules for collecting information on the annual amounts of pesticides placed on the market and the annual amounts of pesticides used in each Member State. Such statistics are necessary for assessing policies of the European Union on sustainable development and for calculating relevant indicators on the risks for health and the environment related to pesticide use.

Directive 2009/127/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 amending Directive 2006/42/EC with regard to machinery for pesticide application (English version)

The Directive was published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 25 November 2009 (OJ L310) and came into force on 15 December 2009.
The design, construction and maintenance of machinery for pesticide application play a significant role in reducing the adverse effects of pesticides on human health and the environment. The Directive introduces requirements for the inspection and maintenance of machinery for pesticide application. Member States must implement it by 15 June 2011 and apply it from 15 December 2011.

For new legislation search on EUR-Lex http://eur-lex.europa.eu/en/index.htm in all 23 official languages of the European Union.

 

Background information

More general information concerning active substances and plant protection products with links to the database on active substances, the review programme, European Food Safety Authority and different guidance documents can be found on:
http://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/protection/evaluation/index_en.htm

In March 2009, the European Commission has also prepared a Factsheet: “EU Action on Pesticides”
http://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/protection/evaluation/docs/factsheet_pesticides_web.pdf

 

Database on EU approved active substances

To find out which active substances are approved in the European Union a database can be consulted on the website of the European Commission. For each substance there is a reference to the EU legislation, including the relevant toxicological information and the maximum residue levels in food and feed. The database also allows searching for substances according to defined criteria and exporting the desired information to Excel files. A direct link to the EU Pesticides Database is:
http://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/pesticides/eu-pesticides-database

 

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